AHAs and BHAs are types of hydroxy acids. You can find both acids in a variety of:
The purpose of both AHAs and BHAs is to exfoliate the skin. Depending on the concentration, a related product may remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, or it may remove the whole outermost layer.
Still, neither type of hydroxy acid is “better” than the other. Both are highly effective methods of deep exfoliation. The differences lie in their uses.
AHA stands for alpha hydroxy acid. BHA stands for beta hydroxy acid.
AHAs are water -soluble acids made from sugary fruits. They help peel away the surface of your skin so that new, more evenly pigmented skin cells may generate and take their place. After use, you’ll likely notice that your skin is smoother to the touch.
On the other hand, BHAs are oil-soluble. Unlike AHAs, BHAs can get deeper into the pores to remove dead skin cells and excess sebum.
Although AHAs are often marketed as safe for all skin types, you’ll want to take care if you have extremely dry and sensitive skin. You may need to gradually work up to daily use to avoid irritating your skin.
BHAs, on the other hand, are primarily used for acne and sun damage. These products go deep into your hair follicles to dry out excess oils and dead skin cells to unclog your pores. Because of these effects, BHAs are most suitable for combination to oily skin. Lower concentrations may be used to help calm sensitive skin. You may also have more success with BHAs if you wanted to reduce rosacea-related redness.
All AHAs yield significant exfoliation. Still, the effects and uses can slightly vary between types of acids. Your selected AHA should have a maximum concentration between 10 and 15 percent. Apply new products every other day until your skin gets used to them. This will also reduce the risk of side effects, such as irritation.
No matter which AHA you choose, the strong exfoliating effects make your skin more sensitive to the sun. Wear sunscreen every morning to prevent burns, age spots, and increased skin cancer risks.
Lactic acid is another common AHA. Unlike other AHAs made from fruits, lactic acid is made from lactose in milk. It’s also known for its significant exfoliation and anti-aging effects.
Tartaric is another type of AHA. It’s made from grape extracts, and may help alleviate signs of sun damage and acne.
Citric acid is made from citrus fruit extracts. Its main purpose is to neutralize the skin’s pH levels and to even out rough patches of skin. Citric acid makes a good serum or toner used before applying a moisturizer. It may even help work with sunscreen to provide maximum UV protection.
Malic acid is a type of AHA-BHA crossover. It’s made from apple acids.
Mandelic acid contains larger molecules derived from almond extracts. It can be combined with other AHAs to increase exfoliation. Used alone, the acid may improve texture and pore size.
Salicylic acid is the most common BHA. Concentrations can range between 0.5 and 5 percent, depending on the product at hand. It’s a well known as an acne treatment, but it can also help calm down general redness and inflammation.
Citric acid while primarily classified as an AHA, some formulations of citric acid are BHAs, too. Rather than even out your skin’s pH levels, this type of citric acid is primarily used to dry out excess sebum and clean out dead skin cells deep in your pores.
Don’t mix face acids
- Don’t use salicylic acid with any other acid at the same time. Extreme skin irritation may occur when mixed.
- Avoid salicylic acid with products that contain niacinamide.
- Don’t use glycolic acid or lactic acid in combination with ascorbic acid (vitamin C). This will cause the ascorbic acid’s benefit to disappear even before it begins to work.
- Avoid using AHAs with retinol.
AHAs and BHAs, if these actives are used at too high of a concentration or too frequently, they can irritate your skin and compromise the skin barrier.
Dermatologists don't — and can't — argue there. In my opinion, [retinoids'] benefits are more about the skin's appearance," says Dr. Katta. "The compounds in retinoids can help boost collagen, but they're not necessary for healthy skin. The most important factor in maintaining healthy skin is about protection and promotion." Research shows that although retinoids thicken the skin overall, they thin the skin barrier, the built-in protective layer that guards against invading pathogens and environmental aggressors and locks in moisture.
How Does Retinyl Palmitate Form Vitamin A?
The different retinoids have slightly different functions and benefits. All the retinoids are converted into retinoic acid in the body. Retinoic acid is the main ingredient that has a direct biological effect on the skin. Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A and is responsible for most of the benefits to the body and skin.
Retinoic acid is available as a prescription treatment known as tretinoin or Retin – A. Tretinoin can cause skin irritation including excessive peeling, redness, and photosensitivity which limits its use.
EWG's Skin Deep Cosmetics Database, which rates ingredients based on toxicity. Retinol can rank anywhere from six to nine out of 10, making it a "high concern" ingredient. For reference, lead and formaldehyde — two undisputed toxicants — earn 10s.
The overall product or ingredient score in Skin Deep is calculated from information drawn from the nearly 60 integrated toxicity, regulatory and study availability databases," Leiba explains. "Retinols get a high score in Skin Deep because government testing has shown that, on sun-exposed skin, these chemicals can increase the risk of skin lesions and other skin damage."
Again, there is no definitive evidence that topical retinoids lead to cancer or reproductive toxicity, but the evidence we do have is pretty much on par with that of parabens. (Read: Not agreed upon by professionals, requires more research.) So what's the difference between potentially-toxic parabens — largely shunned by both indie brands and drugstore giants as a precaution — and potentially-toxic retinoids?
The Best Alternatives to Retinol for Your Skin
Sunscreen is essential for protecting our skin from the sun’s harmful UVA and UVB rays. However, the claims made from some of these natural ingredients are proved to not be as effective as we thought.
UVA and UVB Rays
UVA and UVB are the two types of ultraviolet radiation that come from the sun. UVA rays penetrate deep into the skin, causing long-term damage such as wrinkles and age spots. UVB rays affect the surface of the skin, causing short-term damage such as sunburns. Both types of rays can lead to skin cancer.
The efficacy of natural ingredients- Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide is one of the most common ingredients used in sunscreens. Even though zinc oxide is a chemical, sunscreens that contain zinc oxide are often referred to as natural, or physical. This means that the ingredient does not penetrate the skin but rather block the sun by sitting on top of skin.
Surprisingly, not all sunscreen ingredients protect against both UVA and UVB rays. Zinc oxide, however, does. “It’s a photostable, broad-spectrum sunscreen, so it has one of the broadest UVA coverages of all the sunscreen ingredients.
“Zinc oxide can be ‘micronized,’ meaning it’s processed into very small particles, so small that the preparation appears clear when applied on the skin.” Non-micronized formulations, she explains, are often less cosmetically elegant and are more opaque or white. So, if you’ve ever applied a sunscreen that left a white, powdery cast on your body, it most likely contained zinc oxide as a key ingredient.
Carrot seed oil
Carrot seed oil does have health benefits, but protection from the sun is not one of them. Carrot seed oil has an SPF of 38 but it does block the harmful UVA and UVB rays, and should not be used on it's own as a sunscreen.
Red raspberry seed oil
Red raspberry seed oil is a natural sunscreen with an SPF of around 28 to 50. However, it has not been proven to be effective against UVA rays. Because raspberry seed oil doesn’t offer UVA protection — which is responsible for 95 percent of UV rays — raspberry seed oil alone isn’t recommended as a sunscreen. Given its other beneficial characteristics, however, it can be used as a healing agent for other skin conditions.
Almond oil does have SPF, but it’s not very high. The SPF of almond oil is only 2 to 6. This means that you would need to apply a lot of almond oil to your skin to get the desired level of protection. Almond oil is also not water-resistant, so it’s not a good choice for activities like swimming or sweating.
Coconut oil has an SPF of around 4 to 6. The Mayo Clinic also mentions that coconut oil only blocks 20 percent of the sun’s ultraviolet rays compared to sunscreen’s 97 percent.
It’s imperative that a sunscreen provides either UV-absorbing or UV-blocking protection to be effective. There is not one scientific study proving coconut oil, or any other natural oil for that matter, provided any adequate UV-absorbing or UV-blocking protection. But as far as zinc oxide (the main ingredient for sun protection in these DIY recipes), mixing active cosmetics isn’t as simple as adding the recommended amount.
Shea butter has an SPF of around 6, also not enough protection against harmful UVA rays. However, shea butter is known for its high concentrations of fatty acids and vitamins, an ideal cosmetic ingredient for softening skin. Shea butter also has anti-inflammatory and healing properties.
There are many natural ingredients that can be effective for sunscreen. Some of the most popular include zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, and avobenzone. Each of these ingredients has its own unique set of benefits and drawbacks, so it is important to choose the one that is best suited for your needs. Zinc oxide is a physical barrier against the sun's rays, making it a good option for those with sensitive skin. It is also effective at blocking both UVA and UVB radiation. Titanium dioxide is another physical blocker that is less likely to cause irritation. It is not as effective as zinc oxide at blocking UVA radiation, but it is better at blocking UVB radiation. Avobenzone is a chemical blocker that protects against UVA and UVB radiation. However, it can be unstable in sunlight and can cause skin irritation. Ultimately, the best natural sunscreen ingredient will depend on your individual needs and preferences.
If you're looking for an effective way to reduce the signs of aging, you may want to consider using essential oils. Essential oils can help to improve the appearance of wrinkles, age spots, and other signs of aging. They are also a great way to keep your skin healthy and hydrated. In this article, we'll discuss the benefits of using essential oils for anti-aging care. We'll also provide a list of the top oils to use for this purpose.
Essential Oils for Anti-Aging: What You Need to Know
Rosehip oil is a great anti-aging oil. It is high in essential fatty acids, which help to nourish the skin. It is also rich in antioxidants, which help to fight free radicals. Rosehip oil can be used on its own or combined with other oils such as jojoba oil or evening primrose oil.
Jojoba oil is another great anti-aging oil. It is rich in beneficial fatty acids and vitamin E, which helps to nourish the skin and protect it from damage.
Grapeseed oil is another great anti-aging oil. It is rich in vitamins C and E, which help to protect the skin from oxidative damage. It is also a good source of omega-6 fatty acids, which help to keep the skin hydrated.
Avocado oil is another great anti-aging oil. It is rich in antioxidants, including vitamin E and carotenoids. It is also high in monounsaturated fats, which help to keep the skin hydrated.
Evening primrose oil is another great anti-aging oil. It is high in gamma-linolenic acid, which helps to reduce inflammation. It is also a good source of omega-6 fatty acids, which help to keep the skin hydrated.
The anti-aging properties of essential oils have been well known for centuries. Essential oils offer a natural and effective way to help improve the appearance of aging skin.
Here are 10 of the best essential oils for younger-looking skin:
Helychrisium italicum, also known as helichrysum oil, is a great anti-aging essential oil. It helps to improve the appearance of aging skin by reducing inflammation and promoting healing. Helichrysum oil is also known for its ability to reduce the appearance of scars and wrinkles.
Neroli essential oil is another great anti-aging essential oil. It helps to improve the appearance of aging skin by reducing wrinkles and fine lines. Neroli oil is also known for its ability to reduce the appearance of age spots and sun damage. There are several properties that make Neroli oil a savior to acne-prone skin, including antibacterial, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.
Patchouli essential oil is hailed for its use in skin cell regeneration. Blessed with umpteen active ingredients and anti-bacterial properties, it facilitates wound healing, effectively reduces wrinkles, scars, blemishes, and other signs of aging.
Rose essential oil has anti-inflammatory, cooling and soothing properties which can help with stress-related conditions in more mature skin types. It is usually extracted by gentle steam distillation from Rosa Damascena, the Damask Rose.
Lime essential oil is a powerful anti-oxidant agent that helps delay the signs of aging, such as wrinkles and fine lines. It also brightens the skin, evening out the skin tone.
Geranium essential oil is an astringent, which helps to tone and tighten the skin. It is also known for its ability to improve the appearance of wrinkles.
Lavender essential oil is not only great for relaxation, but it also has anti-aging properties. Lavender oil helps to improve the appearance of aging skin by reducing wrinkles and fine lines. It is also known for its ability to reduce the appearance of age spots and sun damage.
Myrrh essential oil is another great anti-aging essential oil. It is high in antioxidants, which help to fight free radicals. Myrrh oil is also known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
Frankincense essential oil is perfect for anti-aging as it firms and tightens the skin. Helps with inflamed skin and reduces swelling and redness.
Carrot seed oil is high in antioxidants, which help to fight free radicals. It is also known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. Carrot seed oil is a great choice for those with sensitive skin.
The Top 5 Essential Oils to Reduce Age Spots
Age spots, also known as liver spots, are dark patches that typically form on the skin as a person gets older. While they are not harmful, many people find them to be unsightly and want to get rid of them.
There are a number of essential oils that have been shown to be effective in reducing the appearance of age spots. Here are the 5 best essential oils for reducing age spots:
1) Lavender essential oil – Lavender oil is another great essential oil for reducing age spots. It helps to improve the appearance of aging skin by reducing wrinkles and fine lines. It is also known for its ability to reduce the appearance of age spots and sun damage.
2) Sandalwood essential oil – Sandalwood oil is another great essential oil for reducing age spots. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties, which can help to reduce the appearance of age spots.
3) Frankincense essential oil – Frankincense oil is another great essential oil for reducing age spots. It has astringent properties, which can help to reduce the appearance of age spots.
4) Rosemary essential oil – Rosemary oil is another great essential oil for reducing age spots. It has antimicrobial antioxidant properties.
5) Lemon essential oil – Lemon oil is another great essential oil for reducing age spots. It is high in vitamin C, which can help to reduce the appearance of age spots.
The Benefits of Using Essential Oils for Skin Care
Essential oils are a great natural alternative for those looking for effective skincare solutions. Here are some of the benefits of using essential oils for skin care:
1) Essential oils are packed with antioxidants.
2) Essential oils can help to fight free radicals and delay the signs of aging.
3) Essential oils can help to improve the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, age spots and sun damage.
4) Essential oils are anti-inflammatory and can help to soothe inflamed skin.
5) Essential oils are gentle and natural, making them ideal for those with sensitive skin.
6) Essential oils can be used to treat a variety of skin conditions, such as acne, eczema and psoriasis.
7) Essential oils are affordable and easy to use.
8) Essential oils can be used alone or in combination with other natural skincare products.
9) Essential oils are versatile and can be used for a variety of purposes, including skin care, massage, aromatherapy and more.
10) Essential oils are a safe and natural way to improve the appearance of your skin.
If you're looking for a natural way to reduce the appearance of age spots, there are a number of essential oils that can help. Lavender oil, sandalwood oil, frankincense oil, rosemary oil and lemon oil are all great choices. In addition to reducing age spots, essential oils offer a number of other benefits for skin care, including anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties. So if you're looking for a natural way to improve the appearance of your skin, using essential oils is a great option.
The best plant extracts for anti-aging can be found in nature. These extracts have been shown to have powerful effects on the skin, helping to reduce the signs of aging. Some of the most effective extracts include:
Aloe vera, Green tea, Yellowdock Root, Seabuckthorn oil, Bladderwrack, Oregon Grape Root Extract, Borage Oil, Shitake Extract, just to name a few.
Each of these plant extracts has been shown to have powerful effects on the skin, helping to reduce the signs of aging. Using a combination of these extracts can provide thee best results for anti-aging.
As we age, our skin begins to show the effects of time and exposure to the elements. wrinkles, fine lines, and age spots can all make us look older than we are. While there are many products on the market that claim to reduce the signs of aging, not all of them are effective. In fact, many of them contain harsh chemicals that can damage the skin.
Thankfully, there are plant extracts that have been shown to be effective in reducing the signs of aging. Each of these extracts has its own unique properties that help to improve the look and feel of the skin. By using a combination of these extracts, you can achieve the best results for anti-aging. Some of the benefits of using plant extracts include:
-reduced wrinkles and fine lines
-improved skin elasticity
-reduced age spots and other signs of sun damage
Some of the most effective plant extracts for anti-aging include:
Aloe Vera- is a succulent plant that has long been used for its healing properties. Aloe vera is a natural anti-inflammatory and contains antioxidants that can help to protect the skin from damage.
Green tea is a powerful antioxidant that can help to protect the skin from free radicals. Green tea also has anti-inflammatory properties that can help to reduce the signs of aging.
Yellowdock Root is a plant that is rich in antioxidants and minerals, including zinc. Yellowdock Root can help to improve the appearance of skin blemishes and reduce the signs of aging.
Rosehip oil is a natural oil that is rich in antioxidants and essential fatty acids. Rosehip oil can help to improve the appearance of wrinkles and age spots, and can also help to improve the overall tone and texture of the skin.
Bladderwrack is a type of seaweed that is rich in nutrients, including antioxidants and minerals. Bladderwrack can help to improve the skin's elasticity and reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
Seabuckthorn oil is a natural oil that is rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. Seabuckthorn oil can help to improve the appearance of wrinkles, age spots, and scars.
Oregon Grape Root Extract is a plant extract that is rich in antioxidants and minerals, including zinc. Oregon Grape Root Extract can help to improve the appearance of skin blemishes and reduce the signs of aging.
Borage oil is a natural oil that is rich in gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), an essential fatty acid. Borage oil can help to improve the appearance of wrinkles and age spots, and can also help to improve the overall tone and texture of the skin.
Shitake Extract is a plant extract that is rich in antioxidants. Shitake Extract can help to reduce the signs of aging, as well as to improve the complexion.
To use plant extracts for anti-aging, you should select a few that have the properties that you are looking for. For example, if you are looking to reduce wrinkles and fine lines, then you should choose an extract that is high in anti-oxidants. If you are looking to improve skin elasticity, then you should choose an extract that is high in Omega fatty acids.
The benefits of plant extracts for anti-aging are clear. By using a combination of extracts, you can achieve the best results for your skin. Plant extracts are natural, effective, and safe. They are a great way to reduce the signs of aging without using harsh chemicals. They are a great addition to other anti-aging ingredients, such as peptides, hyaluronic acid and vitamins. So, if you are looking to reduce the signs of aging, consider using plant extracts. Your skin will thank you for it!
Collagen is known as the "beauty protein" because it helps keep skin looking young and healthy. Collagen production naturally decreases with age, which is why so many people turn to collagen supplements and serums to help boost collagen levels and improve skin health. One such supplement is silver carp collagen serum, which is made from a type of fish that is high in collagen. Silver carp collagen serum has been shown to improve skin elasticity, hydration, and overall appearance.
There are many ways that one can boost their collagen levels. Some ways include eating foods high in protein, doing strength training exercises to build muscle mass, using anti-aging serums that help to boost collagen levels, and using moisturizers with hyaluronic acid.
Silver carp collagen serum is most compatible with human absorption because the fish that it is made from contains high levels of collagen. Silver carp collagen serum has been shown to be one of the best ways to boost your collagen levels, due to the high amount of collagen that is found in the fish.
Another reason that silver carp collagen serum is so compatible with human absorption is that the fish from which it is derived is a cold water fish. This means that the collagen in the serum is already broken down into smaller peptides, making it easier for the body to absorb. Additionally, silver carp are a freshwater fish and they are not exposed to as many toxins as other types of fish. This also helps to make the serum more compatible with human absorption.
The bioactive components in silver carp collagen can help improve skin firmness, which naturally reduces Wrinkles. Additionally, the amino acids that are found in silver carp collagen serum help to promote synthesis of collagen, which can prevent the formation of wrinkles.
Silver carp collagen serum has been shown to be one of the best ways to increase your natural body's level of collagen because silver carp produce is a type of fish that contains higher than average amounts of this amino acid and peptide which makes them more compatible for human use when compared to other types of cold water fish like salmon or trout.
Hyaluronic acid, also known as hyaluronan, is a clear, gooey substance that is naturally produced by your body.
The largest amounts of it are found in your skin, connective tissue and eyes.
Its main function is to retain water to keep your tissues well lubricated and moist.
Hyaluronic acid has a variety of uses. Many people take it as a supplement, but it’s also used in topical serums, eye drops and injections.
Roughly half of the hyaluronic acid in your body is present in your skin, where it binds to water to help retain moisture.
What are the benefits of hyaluronic acid applied to the skin?
Hyaluronic acid plays a key role in wound healing.
It’s naturally present in the skin, but its concentrations increase when there is damage in need of repair.
Hyaluronic acid helps wounds heal faster by regulating inflammation levels and signalling the body to build more blood vessels in the damaged area.
Applying it to skin wounds has been shown to reduce the size of wounds and decrease pain faster.
Hyaluronic acid also has antibacterial properties, so it can help reduce the risk of infection when applied directly to open wounds.
What’s more, it’s effective at combating gum disease, speeding up healing after tooth surgery and eliminating ulcers when used topically in the mouth.
More HA benefits
- wound healing
- increases skin elasticity
- can treat eczema
- can treat facial redness
What is the most effective Hyaluronic acid serum?
We recommend keeping the HA concentration below 2 percent. Why?
The benefits of hyaluronic acid on the skin has to do with its molecular weight and concentration. In this case, size matters! The molecular weight refers to its mass, or how big the HA molecule is. This is measured in something called unified atomic mass units — daltons, or kDa for short.
They found that treatment with 130 kDa HA was the most effective, increasing skin elasticity by 20 percent. Both the 50 and 130 kDa groups had significant improvement in wrinkle-depth and skin roughness after 60 days. All the other molecular weights still improved elasticity and skin hydration, just less so.
There are some varieties of HA that are a bit controversial, and increased percentage levels are actually linked to inflammatory skin diseases like psoriasis.
A very low molecular weight of 50 and 130 kDA HA and 1.5% concentration has the ability to penetrate the skin most effectively.
Generally, “maskne” is an umbrella term for several skin conditions that can stem from wearing a face mask or covering.
It can include:
- Acne. Acne happens when your pores become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and dirt. It can cause pimples, whiteheads, or blackheads. It is more likely if you have a history of acne, it but can affect anyone. It seems to be most common in people using surgical masks and some types of respirator.
- Rosacea. If you have rosacea, wearing a mask may cause flareups. This can lead to pimples and redness.
- Irritant contact dermatitis. Occurs when you’re allergic or sensitive to the material of your mask. It can result in a red rash, along with irritation and blisters. It is the most common type of mask reaction and often affects the cheeks and the bridge over the nose. Symptoms range from dry, scaly patches to skin ulceration.
- Atopic eczema. Also called atopic dermatitis, skin symptoms can appear or worsen in people whose skin is sensitive due to eczema, because of the irritant effect of wearing a mask.
- Periofacial dermatitis. This is a condition where small pimples develop around the eyes and mouth. It can happen while wearing a mask after using cosmetics or corticosteroid creams or for no apparent reason.
- Folliculitis. Folliculitis, or an infection of your hair follicles, causes bumps that look like an acne breakout. You might also experience itchiness or pain.
- Urticaria. Welts, or hives, can result from the downward pressure of some types of masks or from contact with allergens, such as latex, in those who are susceptible. Pressure urticaria can appear at once or within 24 hours. Allergic urticaria usually appears at once and disappears within 24 hours after removing the trigger.
- Seborrhoeic eczema. In this type of dermatitis, greasy yellow scales develop, mainly on the scalp, forehead, eyebrows, and in folds around the nose and lips.
Because maskne can involve various skin conditions, the exact cause of your symptoms may vary.
In most cases, maskne is the result of clogged pores. You already have oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells on your skin. But when you wear a mask, these substances can build up more and block your pores.
A mask also traps humidity due to your breathing and sweating, which may increase the risk of acne.
Another possible cause is friction. The material of a face covering can rub against your skin, leading to chafing and irritation.
Or you may be sensitive or allergic to the material of your face covering. Some masks are pretreated with chemicals or feel rough on the skin. Similarly, washing a mask in a scented detergent may lead to irritation.
- once in the morning
- once at night, before going to bed
- after sweating or wearing a mask
When washing your face, use lukewarm water. Pat your skin dry with a clean towel. Avoid rubbing your skin as this may cause irritation.
Use a gentle exfoliating cleanser with anti-bacterial ingredients. Such as tea tree oil, lime oil and clary sage oil, to mention a few.
Use gel serums that contain Hyaluronic acid and anti-bacterial ingredients. Along with a lightweight moisturizer.
Skip the makeup while you’re treating maskne. Beauty products such as foundation, concealer, and blush can clog your pores and prolong healing.
This polypeptide was developed by the corporations Sederma SA and Proctor & Gamble and originally named Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3, but later renamed to Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4 to reflect a correction in the data on its molecular structure, according to research. It is also included in many commercial formulas under the trademark of Matrixyl.
Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4 is a pentapeptide, synethsized chain protein created by linking five amino acid peptides. This chain creates a response in the dermis of the skin that stimulates collagen and elastin fibroblasts, developing fibronectin (FN) and glycosaminoglycans (GAG), according to research. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4 is a small molecule that penetrates the skin easily and is structurally similar to the precursor of collagen type I. It is thought that pentapeptides can communicate with a cell and program it to do specific things, including repair work.
Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4 is considered to be as effective against wrinkles as retinol, but less irritating. "One study found that Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4 was as effective as retinol in repairing sun-damaged skin but was devoid of side-effects. Most other studies showed at least some improvement in various objective and subjective measures of wrinkles."
Independent in vitro studies (unlike most studies available on Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4, which have been done by P&G, originators of Matrixyl) demonstrated an increase in synthesis of Collagen I by 212%, Collagen IV by 100 to 327% and Hyaluronic Acid by 267%. Collagen I is predominant among the 19 forms of collagen found in the human body; therefore increasing production of Collagen I has a very dramatic effect on rebuilding the skin. Six month in vivo studies showed mean wrinkle depth was reduced by 17%, surface area containing deep wrinkles was reduced by 68%, surface area containing moderate wrinkles was reduced by 51% and skin roughness by 16%.
Now in its fifth year, this celebration of the top natural beauty products on the market has named our powerful, but gentle exfoliating cleanser as one of the best clean face washes available.