We know that finding skin care for oily skin can be confusing, especially when so many products claim to be “good for oily skin” but really aren't.
So today, we're going to break down exactly what your perfect skin care routine should look like if you have oily skin (including products!).
Cleanse & Exfoliate
The first step in good skin care for oily skin is cleansing and exfoliating your face. You should wash your face twice daily using warm water and a gentle cleanser to remove dirt and makeup.
Try to find a cleanser that works well for your specific skin type; this will ensure that it won't dry out your skin or leave behind residue after use.
Next, make sure to exfoliate twice a week to remove oil and dead skin cells that can clog your pores and lead to breakouts.
Finding a good cleanser and a good exfoliator can be a difficult process. At Aiona Alive, we’ve made this decision easier by creating an award-winning exfoliating cleanser that can be used on any skin type.
Our E-Citrus Exfoliating Cleanser penetrates deep into your skin to remove blackheads and makeup. The lather easily washes off without residue. Another benefit is this exfoliating cleanser will last you a year if you use it twice a day!
Having a high sebum output (in other words: having oily skin) can increase lipid peroxidation. This means that more sebum can be turned into free radicals which cause acne and premature aging.
The good news is that this can be prevented by using an anti-oxidant in the form of a Vitamin C serum. The antioxidants effectively block the effect of lipid peroxidation and prevent wrinkles and acne.
At Aiona Alive, we made Vitamin C even better by combining it with peptides and amino acids into one powerful serum.
Vitamin C and peptides enhance each other's collagen-producing effects and work together to fight wrinkles. Within a few days, not only will the Vitamin C prevent acne in oily skin, but you’ll also notice a drastic improvement in your skin’s elasticity and texture.
All skin types need to moisturize. However, if you have oily skin, you must be careful about the type of moisturizer you use. Try to find a moisturizer that is
We know it’s hard to find skin care for oily skin with all these criteria, so we created our own moisturizer. Our E-Sensual Moisturizer is a lightweight, all-natural formula that easily absorbs into your skin to create a breathable moisture mask.
If you have oily skin, one of the best things you can do is create a skincare routine that works specifically for your skin type. Good skin care for oily skin can not only reduce visible shine on your face, but it can also minimize breakouts and prevent wrinkles.
If you’re interested in natural skincare products suitable for all skin types, visit our shop.
We can all agree that the last few years were incredibly stressful. The pandemic made us all anxious and scared. So many things were happening at once it was hard to keep up and cope with everything. Though things have slowed down a bit in the last few months, we are out of lockdown. However, the consequences of that time are still visible. Long periods of stress like that usually leave a mark on both our bodies and our minds. But nowhere is it more visible than on our skin. When a person goes through a challenging stress-filled period, it can lead to skin fatigue. It’s a common occurrence, but not everyone always knows what it is, how to recognize and, even more important, how to combat it. So we decided to shine a little light on this issue that affects many people.
First, let us explain what skin fatigue is and how it manifests. Skin fatigue is not a thing that happens overnight. It occurs over a period of time, and the causes are usually stress and an unhealthy lifestyle. There are a few characteristics of an unhealthy lifestyle. It’s typically bad sleep patterns, lack of physical activity, or a bad diet. In addition, smoking or drug abuse are very detrimental to the health of your skin. You may not see it immediately, but these bad habits are wreaking havoc on your body. Specifically, they damage your collagen.
Collagen gives our skin hydration and elasticity, keeping it from sagging and making us look younger. So when we spend a lot of time living unhealthily, collagen can’t do its job properly. In turn, our skin starts looking dull and tired. Dark circles that don’t seem to go away form around our eyes, and our eyes start to look puffy. These are the signs that you are experiencing skin fatigue.
Before we get into how to combat skin fatigue, we will start with how to prevent it. Prevention is better than cure, right? Well, prevention is directly tied to the cause of the issue, which is stress and an unhealthy lifestyle. While we can’t always avoid stress because we can’t control what happens to us all the time, we can do something about our lifestyle. To prevent skin fatigue, first, you must make sure you have good sleeping habits.
Sleeping just two hours a night or sleeping all day isn’t going to cut it. You need to have at least 8 hours of sound sleep per night. Physical activity is a must, not just for skin fatigue but for our general well-being. Your diet needs to be healthy and balanced, which means more vegetables and proteins and cutting back on added sugars. Also, quitting smoking is necessary if you want to protect your skin.
Now that we covered the basics of skin fatigue, the next important question is, “How to combat it?” And luckily, there are some simple things you can do to make it better. Here are some things to implement in your skincare routine to make your skin glow again.
As we said previously, skin fatigue manifests by making your face dull and tired. One of the reasons for that is a layer of dead skin cells that diminish the natural glow of your face. Luckily you can solve this by using a good exfoliator. The only issue is people don’t always know what makes a good exfoliator.
If you’re a beginner, we strongly recommend starting with chemical exfoliation instead of manual exfoliation. The main reason is that you don’t know how your skin will react at first. Manual exfoliation is harsher on the skin and can do more damage than good.
However, don’t let this scare you into not giving exfoliation a go. It is a perfect way to depuff your face and return its glow. Additionally, it will clear clogged pores and allow your skin to grow in a healthier way. But remember, exfoliating is not something you should do every day, as too much can harm your skin. You should not do it more than two to three times per week.
There is no surprise that the next step is moisturizing. Even if you do everything else on this list but skip moisturizing, you won’t get excellent results. Without good moisturization, your skin will look dull, tired, and dry. Depending on your skin type, dry, oily, or standard, find a deep moisturizer that you will use daily. A good day and night cream go a long way in skincare and combating skin fatigue.
Face masks are growing increasingly popular in the skincare world. And there is a good reason for that. They give your face a quick boost whenever you may need it. If you find yourself in a situation where you have to be at an important event and look presentable, but your face looks tired, you can give it a quick boost with a face mask. It will only take about 15 minutes, and you will immediately see the effects. Of course, face masks aren’t a replacement for a good skincare routine, just a great tool when you are in a time pinch.
What makes a skincare routine successful is consistency. If you skip it too many times, you won’t see the results you want. That being said, the key here is planning. For example, long-distance moving to Vancouver and hiring movers can take a long time, and you will probably spend a lot of time traveling. And while experts can make it stress-free, it is up to you to take care of your skin during that time. So if you know you will spend a whole day in the car or a plane while traveling to your new home, prepare an overnight bag with all your skincare products. That way, you will still be able to keep up with your routine. No matter the situation, prepare that bag just in case.
Hopefully, after reading this article, you now have the answers to the question “Skin fatigue- What is it and how to combat it?” As you can see, it is crucial that you are consistent with your routine and don’t make excuses. Also, combining your skincare routine with a healthy lifestyle would be best. Only then will you have the best possible results.
Let’s face it, we all want glowing skin.
And if you’ve been keeping up with skincare trends, many people are raving about Vitamin C serum and it’s amazing properties.
From brightening dull skin to protecting against free radical damage, Vitamin C is an all-around great addition to your skin care routine.
But while many of us are aware of these benefits, knowing how to use Vitamin C serum in your routine can be tricky.
To help you out, we’ve put together a step-by-step guide on how to use Vitamin C serum in your skincare routine.
In this blog, we’ll be using the Aiona Alive System. This system incorporates a full skincare routine with natural ingredients that complement and enhance each other’s effects. This maximizes the benefits of each ingredient and produces visible results in your skin. To experience the full benefit of each product, use our carefully curated step-by step system.
A Quick Note About The Order Of Skincare
Before we jump into our step-by-step guide, let’s briefly dicuss the order of applying skincare.
Skincare products should be applied in a specific order so you can experience the maximum benefits of each product. The order makes a difference in the way your skin looks and feels.
To apply skin care products, follow the rule of “thinnest to thickest.” Start with the skin care product with the thinnest consistency and end with the product with the thickest consistency.
The Aiona Alive system is already numbered with the order of each product. If you’re ever confused, check the instructions for the “step number” of that product.
Prepare Your Skin
Before you start adding products to your skin, it's important to make sure your face is clean.
Cleansing removes dirt and impurities from your skin so they don’t get stuck under your skincare products and clog up your pores.
A good cleanser should feel gentle on your skin and be suitable for your skin type. At Aiona Alive, we strongly believe in natural skincare products. Our award-winning E-Citrus Exfoliating Cleanser includes natural ingredients that won’t cause burning or irritation.
Step 1 - Use Vitamin C Serum
After your face is washed, make sure it’s completely dry before applying Vitamin C serum. This is because Vitamin C absorbs best on clean, dry skin.
To apply, place a few drops into your palm or directly on your face. Then, gently pat it on your skin.
Let the serum completely absorb into your skin before moving on to the next step.
How To Enhance The Effects Of Vitamin C
Pairing Vitamin C with peptides enhances the effects of both products.
But what exactly are peptides and where can you find them?
Peptides are made up of amino acids. Amino acids stimulate the dermis layer of your skin to make collagen. Collagen improves your skin’s elasticity, fine lines, wrinkles, and sagging skin.
When Vitamin C and peptides are used together, they strengthen each other's collagen-producing effects. This amplifies the benefit to your skin and produces visible improvement.
At Aiona Alive, we combined Vitamin C, peptides, and amino acids into an effective Vitamin C serum. In this way, you can experience the amazing combination of peptides and Vitamin C in one powerful product. Within a few days, you’ll notice a visible improvement in your skin’s elasticity, texture, and brightness.
What To Avoid When Using Vitamin C Serum
While Vitamin C serum is pretty adaptable, there are a few ingredients you should avoid when using it:
- Benzoyl peroxide
- Hydroxy acids
When combined with Vitamin C, these ingredients can lead to skin irritation or cancel out the effects of both products.
When To Use Vitamin C Serum
Vitamin C serum can be incorporated into your morning or evening skincare routine – or even both!
When used in the morning, Vitamin C’s UV-protectant properties help prevent premature aging caused by free radicals.
At night, your skin starts its repair process: blood flow increases to your skin and repairs fine lines, wrinkles, and UV-ray damage. Because of this, using Vitamin C at night has a very effective impact on reducing fine lines and evening out skin tone.
To experience the full benefit of Vitamin C serum, we recommend using it both morning and night.
Step 2 - Apply Hyaluronic Acid Serum
Step 2 in the Aiona Alive system is the Moisture HA Serum.
Mixing Hyaluronic Acid serum and Vitamin C serum in your skincare routine creates powerful results.
Vitamin C improves your skin’s texture, decreases pigmentation, and boosts radiance.
At the same time, Hyaluronic Acid draws in moisture to your skin. This plumps the skin and decreases the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
However, many people struggle with how to use Vitamin C serum and Hyaluronic Acid in the same routine. This is because both products have a different method of application:
- Vitamin C should be applied on clean, dry skin
- Hyaluronic Acid should be applied on clean, damp skin
So, Which Order Should You Apply These Serums?
Vitamin C should always be applied before Hyaluronic Acid.
This is because Vitamin C is very unstable and loses potency when it comes into contact with air, light, and water. To avoid this, it’s best to apply Vitamin C right away to clean, dry skin.
If you apply Hyaluronic Acid after Vitamin C, your skin does not need to be damp. This is because Hyaluronic Acid can absorb moisture from the environment – you don’t need to provide it yourself.
Step 3- Collagen Serum
We’re almost done!
Step 3 in the Aiona Alive system is the E-ternal Collagen Serum - All Skin.
Collagen works synergestically with Hyaluronic Acid by enhacing the water holding properties of Hyaluronic Acid. Because of this, adding Collagen serum after Hyaluronic Acid ensures your skin experiences the amazing benefits of both.
To apply, pump some collagen serum into the palm of your hand and then gently pat it into your face.
For maximum benefits, wait until the collagen serum is completely absorbed into your skin before continuing to the next step.
To get the most out of this serum, use it both in your morning and evening skincare routine.
Step 4 - Apply Moisturizer
In this last step, lock in all of your skincare by applying a moisturizer.
When choosing a moisturizer, pay attention to its ingredients. Avoid harsh chemicals and too much fragrance because these will irritate the skin.
The Aiona Alive system emphasizes using complementary ingredients together. That’s why we recommend using a moisturizer with amino acids and peptides in this routine. Layering amino acids and peptides leads to effective results on your skin.
We’ve already looked at the positive effects of using peptides with Vitamin C, but what about with Hyaluronic Acid?
The peptides work with Hyaluronic Acid to retain moisture in the skin – resulting in increased hydration and plumping effects.
You can find all these ingredients in our Moisturizing Night Crème. This cream contains 5 different types of peptides that work together to create smooth, supple skin.
Vitamin C serums are becoming increasingly popular among skincare enthusiasts for their numerous benefits such as improved complexion and brightened skin.
To experience its benefits, knowing how to use Vitamin C serum correctly in your skincare is important. If you’re ever confused about the order, just remember the rule of “thinnest to thickest.”
Lastly, remember that everyone’s skin is different. So what works for one person may not necessarily work for someone else. This is why it’s important to listen to your skin and respond accordingly by modifying your routine or adding new products.
If you’re interested in natural skincare products suitable for all skin types, visit our shop.
Whiteheads,the bane of our existence.
They might pop up when you're about to go on a date or before an important meeting at work.
But what are whiteheads? Is there a way to get rid of them? Does everyone get them? We'll answer all these questions and more in this article.
What Are Whiteheads?
Whiteheads are a type of acne that is typically caused by a buildup of dead skin cells, oil and bacteria in one of your pores. Whiteheads are characterized by a small, white bump on the skin that is filled with pus and other matter. They can be located indifferent areas of the face, including the nose, chin and cheeks.
Whiteheads are not painful and do not cause any pain or irritation. However, they can be annoying to deal with!
What Causes Whiteheads?
Now that we’ve answered “what are whiteheads,” let’s discuss what exactly causes them.
Whiteheads are caused by clogged pores and there are many reasons pores can become blocked. The most common reason for a blocked pore is excess sebum, which is an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands.
Excess sebum can be influenced by hormone changes during:
- Certain birth control pills
Whiteheads can also can be caused by exposure to dirt and by dead skin cells. These culprits block your pores and cause a whitehead to form.
How To Treat Whiteheads
Some of you may have skipped the “what are whiteheads” section and jumped straight to this section. If you did – we understand!
However, after this section we recommend going back and reading about the causes of whiteheads and exactly how they form. We’ll be referencing the material we discussed in this section.
Now, let’s dive into whitehead treatments.
As we discussed in “what are whiteheads” (we told you that section will come up!), whiteheads can occur due to overproduction of sebum that can clog pores.
Hyaluronic acid not only helps increase moisture in your skin, but it also controls excess sebum production. This makes hyaluronic acid a great ingredient for whitehead prevention and treatment.
At Aiona Alive Skin Care, we offer hyaluronic acid serum with handpicked ingredients that are specially designed to absorb fast without clogging pores.
If you have white heads, no matter how small or large, you need to exfoliate.
Exfoliation is the key to getting rid of whiteheads because it removes dead skin cells that clog your pores and cause acne.
At Aiona Alive, our award winning E-citrus Exfoliating Cleanser penetrates deep into your pores to remove oil and dirt build-up. It also exfoliates with decyl glucoside – a natural surfactant made from raw materials.
We’re Here To Help
At Aiona Alive, we’re here for any questions you may have. You can also shop our natural skin care collection on our site.
So whether you’re still wondering “what are whiteheads” or have any other questions, please contact us!
Skin care started in the teen years results in healthy and glowing skin later in adulthood. Although your skin is currently bouncy and has strong elasticity, it doesn't mean you don't need moisturizer in your cosmetic kit. Also, rest assured it doesn't take long to prep your skin for the day. However, it's important to learn how to do it right. Our tips to effective skin care tips for teenagers are here to help you build a simple skincare routine that keeps your face fresh and nourished - even after all-night study sessions.
1 - Wash and moisturize your face daily
Make your morning skincare routine a ritual you won’t skip. First, wash your face with a mild face wash. If you have an acne-prone skin, you can use a gentle exfoliating cleanser once a day, before going to bed. Next, apply a decent amount of rich moisturizer. Teen skincare routine doesn’t necessarily involve active ingredients. Therefore, it’s enough to use a daily glycerine-rich moisturizer containing hyaluronic acid - a humectant that retains skin moisture all day.
Keep in mind your skin needs a proper moisturizer in summer and winter:
- Gel moisturizer - Rich winter moisturizers won’t help in the summer heat and humidity. That’s why you need gel creams your skin will absorb quickly. If not sure which gel creams to choose, ask a pharmacist or dermatologist for recommendations.
- Dense moisturizers - Skin gets dry faster in winter than in summer. That’s why gel creams might not be enough. Therefore, swap them for rich, thick moisturizers.
2 - Introduce SPF to your skincare routine
The Sun doesn't make a difference whether you're at a beach, hiking outside, or moving - sun protection (30 and higher) is a must. Moving to a new city in Canada, especially in summer, is way more challenging. That's why it's important for your skin to stay healthy through this demanding endeavour. Regular moisturizing and SPF will maintain its glow.
Of course, wearing SPF isn't the only thing you will have to worry about during relocation. This process is a lot more complicated than that, regardless of the season. Summer moves are the more popular option, but they don't come without their challenges.
Moving experts at Professional Movers Canada advise regular communication with the movers to have a smooth relocation in every way possible. Therefore, don't hesitate to remind them to tackle one box at a time to avoid mess and chaos. Moreover, less mess and dust flying around minimize the risk of skin irritations.
3 – One of the most effective skin care tips for teenagers is to make sure the products you use are oil-free
Don’t buy any product until you are sure it doesn’t contain oils. What you need is a light, non-comedogenic moisturizer. Ask a dermatologist or pharmacist for recommendations.
4 - Sleep on a clean pillowcase
Dirt and dead skin flakes accumulate on our pillows faster than you might think. If you want to have clear, acne-free skin, make sure to change a pillowcase more often.
5 - Treat acne on time
Acne is a common problem among teenagers, but not unsolvable. Instead of looking for random online advice, schedule an appointment with a dermatologist. A professional will give you sound advice and recommend proper skin treatment for your skin type. The sooner you tackle your acne breakouts, the faster you’ll get rid of them for good.
6 - Exfoliate once in two weeks
Exfoliation makes the skin smooth and free from dead patches. However, make sure not to over-exfoliate, or else your skin will suffer irritations. Also, choose chemical exfoliants over aggressive scrubs containing granules (they're better for body exfoliation). Contrary to mainstream opinion, exfoliation is best done once in ten days or two weeks, according to professional dermatologists. That way, you keep your skin fresh and allow it to renew. Constant exfoliation could make your skin dry, prone to irritations and infections, and super red.
7 - Keep caffeine and sugar intake low
Sugary foods and coffee consumed once in a while won’t do permanent damage to your skin. However, they might tamper with the quality of your skin in the long run. Alcohol dehydrates your skin, while sugar breaks down elastin and collagen - the two main components that make your skin firm and healthy. Try to stay away from caffeine and sugar for a week. You’ll notice an improvement in your skin texture.
8 - Don’t go to bed before you wash makeup or face paint off your face
Good sleep is the only thing you have in mind after a friend's birthday or Halloween party. However, you should remember to take your makeup or face paint off and go to bed with a clean face. Sleeping with makeup and paint clogs pores and cause acne to break big time. So, do your best to muster extra effort to clean your face and wake up without the uncomfortable feeling of having an extra layer on your face.
Here’s how to do it right:
- Remove makeup/face paint with either balm or oil-based remover.
- Wash your face thoroughly with face wash.
- Apply moisturizer.
9 - Test the products before you purchase them
Spot test will show you whether a product is right for your skin:
- Apply a generous amount of a test product on the inside of the arm or neck slide.
- Do this for at least a week and apply a thick amount each time.
- In case you sense itchiness or notice redness, wash off the product immediately.
If your skin experiences frequent irritations and redness, know it’s nothing to be concerned about. Too many actives in one product usually cause these issues. However, don’t take this for granted. After all, everyone's skin reacts differently to even a common ingredient like hyaluronic acid. That’s why the fastest route to an established skincare routine starts with an appointment with an expert dermatologist. They will help you find what works for you so you can carry on with your skin routine without worries.
10 - Don’t forget to hydrate
You’ve probably heard countless times how water benefits your skin in the long run. And be sure it’s not an exaggeration. Drinking water is one of the most common indirect skin care tips for teenagers one can give you. Daily water intake (around 2L) regulates the digestive system, combats brain fog, and maintains a fresh skin appearance.
As you may notice, the most effective skin care tips for teenagers are about regular hygiene, a healthy lifestyle, and a couple of quality products in your cosmetic bag. Furthermore, skincare is far from being expensive. Nowadays, you can obtain cheap yet quality products that do the work just fine. And remember - it takes prolonged use and lifestyle changes to start noticing positive results. That's why skincare should be a habit!
Exfoliation; it's a crucial component of any skincare regimen since it allows active ingredients to penetrate the skin, removes dead skin cells, lessens fine lines and wrinkles, and promotes overall healthier, more radiant skin. And because it's considered an "additional" step that most people don't really make time for on a daily basis, it's frequently disregarded. However, excessive exfoliation has its own risks. What are some of the signs of over exfoliation, and how can you heal the skin? Stick around to find out.
The primary purpose of exfoliation is to assist in removing an outer layer so that fresher, healthier cells can emerge. And if you do it properly, there are lots of advantages. For starters, exfoliation can clear clogged pores. Doing so also removes acne-inducing bacteria and helps you achieve that clean, healthy look inside-out. Moreover, exfoliating helps you get rid of dark spots, dry patches, and other unusual textures by improving your skin tone.
Finally, The quantity of collagen you naturally produce starts to decrease as you get older. On the other hand, exfoliation induces moderate stress in the skin, causing it to restart, ultimately aiding in plumping, tightening, and reducing fine lines.
How frequently should your skin be exfoliated? There's no one-size-fits-all answer. Still, you should start once or twice per week. Make it a part of your weekly routine, especially in the summer.
For beginners, chemical exfoliation is often a little kinder on the skin than manual exfoliation. Also, manual exfoliation can sometimes produce micro-tearing that can have terrible consequences over time. So, start slowly and observe how your skin responds. Look out for the signs of over exfoliation, then make adjustments. However, even if your skin looks good, don't exfoliate your skin more than three times a week. Some believe that exfoliating every day will make their skin healthier but will actually, in turn, make it worse.
Some typical signs of over-exfoliation include redness, itchiness, and even peeling in some cases. Furthermore, you might experience breakouts with smaller pimples than hormonal ones and increased sensitivity to your usual products.
One sign of excessive use is trickier to identify: the skin may take on a tight, waxy texture that can be mistaken for a healthy glow. It's anything but that in reality.
The first thing you need to do to heal the skin from over exfoliation is to stop exfoliating. Don't use scrubs or chemical exfoliators until your skin has recovered and is at its baseline texture. Depending on the individual, 'baseline texture' simply refers to the skin's texture before overexposure. Your default texture will be that if you've always been prone to acne. All you're doing is waiting for the over-exfoliation symptoms to go away. However, keep in mind all the other lifestyle changes you made recently. Your skin might have trouble returning to its baseline texture if other things are affecting it in the meantime. For example, in some cases, moving to a new place or a warmer climate can have consequences you didn't expect. Although it sounds strange, changes like this can affect your skin in numerous ways that seem similar to over exfoliation.
You can use a cold compress to soothe burning right away after an episode of excessive exfoliation. Moreover, hydrocortisone cream may also aid in reducing inflammation and redness. Aloe gel is well recognized as healing capabilities if you have one on hand. However, depending on how exposed and raw the regions are, it can occasionally be irritating. In the instance of severe damage, applying a natural aloe plant might be the best option.
After you've stopped exfoliating, you should switch from foaming to mild cleansers and eliminate all highly scented products in your routine. However, you should also keep your routine as close to your regular routine as possible. Moisturize regularly using quality products, and don't forget to put on sunscreen every day.
Instead of a regular moisturizer, consider using hyaluronic acid since it's a highly effective moisturizer that can hydrate the skin and relieve any tightness, flaking, or irritation that may have resulted from over-exfoliation.
Additionally, you'll require occlusives, which create a barrier on the skin to protect it, keep moisture within, and assist your natural barrier recovery. Using face oils with jojoba, marula, and squalane is a good idea since they are less prone to irritate or produce acne.
When picking out sunscreen, make sure you know what ingredients to avoid since they can bring more damage to your sensitive skin. Nevertheless, SPF is generally essential after exfoliating since it breaks down the skin barrier that usually protects you from UV rays.
As we already said, many things can affect your skin, not just your beauty products and regimens. So, if you want to help you heal your skin after over exfoliating, you should try to avoid stress as much as possible. If you're going through life-changing events, such as relocation, you should still find ways to de-stressand consider relaxing after the move. You can do this by taking some time for yourself, meditating, journaling, etc. Believe it or not, this can make a massive change for both your skin and your mental health.
While it's easy to get carried away and over exfoliate, you must know the signs of over exfoliation and what you need to do to heal the skin afterward. When you notice your skin is itchy, red, or waxy, it's time to stop exfoliating and focus on healing your skin back to its baseline texture. You can do this by cutting out harmful beauty products and focusing on hydrating your skin and protecting it from UV rays while it's still sensitive. After it's returned to normal, you can continue exfoliating, but not more than once or twice a week.
Redness, itchiness, flakiness – look out for the signs of over exfoliation and learn how to heal your skin after it happens.
In recent years, ACV has been gaining popularity with skincare enthusiasts for its all-natural skin benefits and is often hailed as a wonder product. What’s all the hype about?
What is ACV?
ACV is a common abbreviation for apple cider vinegar, a common liquid household ingredient that’s been used in cooking and cleaning for centuries. It’s often incorporated into things like salad dressings, sparkling drinks, marinades, homemade disinfectants and cleaning solutions, but this everyday ingredient has several little-known alternative uses in the realm of natural skincare.
Apple cider vinegar is typically made with three incredibly rudimentary, all-natural ingredients: apples, yeast, and water. To make it, apples are chopped and combined with yeast and then covered with water to ferment. The fermentation process is where the magic happens—the yeast breaks down the natural sugars found in the apples to create ethanol, and then bacteria converts the ethanol into an acidic solution.
You will often notice the “mother”, a byproduct of fermentation, hanging out near the bottom of a container of apple cider vinegar. This is completely natural and doesn’t need to be discarded, as it’s part of the live culture of your vinegar. However, if it does bother you, you can strain it out with a fine mesh strainer or a coffee filter.
You can easily find ACV in its simplest form in your local grocery store, and it’s often kept near the salad dressings with other vinegars and oils. Many natural skincare brands also use it as an ingredient in cleansers, toners, masks, and other products.
Is ACV Good For Skin?
Natural skincare junkies, holistic estheticians and dermatologists alike will attest that yes, ACV is good for your skin — in the right amounts and used at the right frequency. Just like many other skincare ingredients, there are appropriate times to use ACV and it’s possible to overuse the ingredient in your routine. As long as you watch for reactions and monitor your skin for unwanted results, ACV is perfectly safe to use on almost all skin types, oily and acne-prone skin included!
Apple cider vinegar offers a range of skin benefits, is fairly inexpensive and easy to source, and can be incorporated into your skincare routine in a whole host of ways. Plus, the vinegar in its simplest form is 100% natural and contains no fillers or preservatives, so you don’t have to worry about questionable extras sneaking their way onto your skin.
Benefits of ACV
Apple cider vinegar offers a range of benefits and can be an asset to almost every skin type. When used correctly, ACV can fight acne-causing bacteria, balance the skin’s surface PH levels, prevent skin infections and other conditions, and exfoliate the skin to reveal a smooth, bright, even complexion free of blemishes.
Balancing your skin’s PH is crucial to maintaining proper skin functions like regulating oil production and promoting a healthy microbiome. Apple cider vinegar is acidic, and when diluted can help balance the surface PH of your skin.
A natural byproduct of the fermentation process is the acetic acid found in ACV, which gives the vinegar antibacterial properties and can help prevent infections and treat certain skin conditions like eczema and rosacea. Because it helps to clear bacteria from the skin, it can also help with acne.
Apple cider vinegar contains malic acid, a naturally occurring alpha hydroxy acid (also known as an AHA) that gently dissolves dead skin and debris when applied topically. Using ACV as an exfoliant 2-3 times a week can help even skin pigmentation, unclog pores, and brighten your overall complexion.
The combination of the vinegar’s natural antibacterial properties, exfoliating properties, and PH balancing effects work together to unclog pores and eliminate acne-causing bacteria. The result? Dissolved blackheads, potentially reduced pore size, regulated oil production, and fewer breakouts.
How to Use ACV for Your Skin
Apple cider vinegar is unbelievably easy to incorporate into your skincare routine in a number of ways, but there are a few things to keep in mind no matter which route you take.
First, know your skin type and any special skin conditions you have that may be irritated by vinegar. If you have especially sensitive skin, very dry skin or skin that is easily irritated, consult your dermatologist before using ACV to ensure it doesn’t make your condition worse or cause a reaction.
Secondly, no matter what type of skin you have, you should always do a patch test to make sure you don’t react poorly before diving into regular use. Apply diluted ACV to an inconspicuous area and wait an hour to monitor your skin for signs of irritation.
Lastly, always, always, always dilute your ACV! Apple cider vinegar is very acidic when fully concentrated, so follow the specific instructions for whatever application you are using it for and dilute accordingly with water, cleanser, oil, etc. It’s safe to use 2-4 times per week, but you may have to adjust accordingly to your skin’s needs.
Here are 5 different ideas on how to use ACV in your skincare routine:
Swipe on diluted ACV with a cotton pad as a toner after cleansing.
- Add 1-2 cups to a bath and soak for softer skin.
- Use diluted ACV as a mixing medium for clay masks or other powdered treatments and apply to your whole face (avoiding your eyes and mouth as you usually would when masking) or stick to problem areas for a spot treatment.
- Clean your makeup brushes! Add 1-2 tablespoons of ACV to one cup of warm water and let brushes soak bristle-side down for a few minutes before gently scrubbing to remove build up and debris.
- Use diluted apple cider vinegar post-shave to soften skin and prevent ingrown hairs!
ACV is also beneficial for your health! When ingested, ACV has been shown in studies to be effective in helping manage blood sugar, assisting in weight loss, and can also help improve cardiovascular health. Consult your physician to discuss managing your health with apple cider vinegar.
Possible Side Effects
Just like with other skin care ingredients, no matter how natural they are, it’s possible your skin could disagree with using apple cider vinegar in your routine. Be vigilant for redness, irritation, dryness, flaking, or other signs that your skin is reacting poorly to the acidic properties of ACV. You may try diluting it further to lessen harsh effects or discontinue use altogether to give your skin some time to recuperate.
Environmental toxins come in many forms: liquid, gas, solid, or a combination, and have a sneaky habit of making their way into things you use or are exposed to every day. Environmental toxins are substances that exist in or are introduced (usually as a result of human activity) into the environment that have a harmful effect on your health in both short and long term capacities.
Any of the vital natural resources we rely on as humans can become polluted, like water, soil, and air. Without realizing it, we are using and consuming these resources and the toxins they contain, which cause negative effects in our health over time. In cases of severe pollution, negative effects may become more noticeable faster than in cases where pollution is absorbed or ingested in smaller amounts over time.
Regardless, environmental toxins pose a threat to your health, but not just internally. Air pollution poses one of the largest risks to the health of your skin and can cause visible issues through exposure, whether it’s infrequent or repeated.
Keep reading to learn more about how air pollution harms your skin and what you can do about it.
Where Does Air Pollution Come From?
Air pollution originates almost entirely from man-made sources, though there are a few natural origins of air pollution. Natural sources are specific to certain parts of the world (though things like wildfires and natural gas releases can technically occur anywhere in the world) and you’re much more likely to be be exposed to air pollution through man-made sources.
Pollution naturally occurs as a result of wildfires, volcanic eruptions, natural gas pockets, and dust carried by wind. These occurrences are far more infrequent than synthetic pollutants, and are less of a risk or concern depending on what part of the world you live in. Of course, they are a big threat to those that are near and are at risk of being exposed to them, but they are less likely than the sure threats of certain synthetic human-produced pollutants.
Sources of man-made pollutants include, but are not limited to:
You can be exposed to air pollutants both indoors and outdoors. The severity of the pollution depends on your location and daily activities. People in rural areas are more likely to be exposed to a high volume of wood burning pollution and agricultural byproducts, whereas people living in cities and other urban environments are more likely to be exposed to a higher concentration of industrial and fossil fuel pollutants.
How Air Pollution Harms Your Skin
Air pollutants can cause varying degrees of damage to your skin depending on the specific toxins and compounds you’re exposed to, how often you’re exposed to them, and the effectiveness of any protective or regenerative measures you take to combat them.
Damage can range from premature aging, acne, inflammation, and irritation to chronic skin conditions like psoriasis, dermatitis, and eczema. In severe cases, long-term exposure to pollutants can cause serious forms of skin cancer.
This is why it’s so important to take preventative measures and try to limit exposure. There is no avoiding it entirely, so doing what you can to counteract the effects of pollution and protect yourself are vital in maintaining your skin’s health in the long-term.
How to Protect Your Skin From Environmental Toxins
Making sure you’re getting plenty of antioxidants in your diet is a great way to help combat air pollution damage to skin. A diet high in vitamins C & E, as well as omega-3 fatty acids can help fight free radicals that are harmful to your skin. Consider adding supplements to fill any gaps in your diet, and consult with your physician to get recommendations and learn the potential side effects of any
You can (and should) also apply antioxidants topically to aid in the fight. Vitamin C serums are perfect to help fight the oxidative properties of toxins in the air.
It’s also important to cleanse your skin at the end of each night to erase the pollution your body has encountered throughout the day. An almost-invisible layer of grime is present even if you haven’t worn makeup or other products in the last 24 hours. Regular exfoliation can also help gently remove layers of skin that have been exposed to physical and chemical pollutants.
You should also aim to replenish collagen in your skin, as toxins can break down your natural collagen and decrease elasticity and firmness over time. This happens as you age anyway, but toxins can contribute to premature aging. Preventing significant rapid loss of collagen due to repeated, unprotected exposure is the best countermeasure against air pollution’s damaging effects.
Lasers are one of many modern technologies that can be used to our benefit–but did you know they’re very effective when used for skin care? More and more people are seeking laser treatments to reveal youthful-looking, healthy skin and to erase the flaws right off their face. For laser newbies, it might sound scary or dangerous, but these procedures are perfectly safe and produce great results for those that want to slow or reverse signs of aging.
What is laser treatment?
Laser treatments use focused light to penetrate the skin, removing or repairing skin irregularities both on and under the surface. It varies in intensity based on the exact type of laser being used. Laser treatments are performed by trained professionals in medical spas, dermatology clinics, and plastic surgery clinics and should not be attempted by amateurs. While the lasers are perfectly safe if used in the correct application with safety measures, they can cause serious harm if not handled appropriately.
What kind of skin concerns do laser treatments address?
Laser treatments can help a whole host of skin issues! This goes way beyond anti-aging: because there are so many different kinds of laser treatments, there is an equally diverse number of skin concerns that they can be used to fight or repair.
Here’s a quick list of some of the things that laser treatments can help with:
- Uneven pigmentation or hyperpigmentation
- Spider veins
- Enlarged pores
- Acne scars
- Treatment-resistant melasma
- Surgical or injury scars
- Sun damage
- Hair removal
- Tattoo removal
- Fine lines
- Skin texture
- Loose skin
This isn’t an exhaustive list, but it should give you a good idea of the types of skin issues that could benefit from laser treatment. If you have a skin concern that isn’t on this list, talk to your dermatologist to see what type, if any, could be helpful in treating your specific condition.
Types of Laser Treatment
There are two main categories of laser treatments: ablative and non-ablative.
Ablative lasers work on the top layer of skin, using an intense light to remove a very thin layer and stimulate the skin underneath. This works well to remove flaws on the surface, like sun damage, texture issues, and deep scarring, as well as reduces moderate fine lines and wrinkles. This is a more aggressive, invasive type of lasering and is often used in resurfacing procedures.
A slightly more mild option is a non-ablative laser treatment. Non-ablative lasers work by heating up the skin at a deeper level than ablative lasers and therefore don’t harm the surface, making this a much less invasive option for certain skin issues. Heating up the subsurface skin tissue stimulates collagen production and can help with acne scarring, hyperpigmentation, and mild wrinkles or fine lines.
Either of these treatments can also be fractionated. Fractionated ablative or non-ablative laser treats only an evenly distributed percentage of an area of skin instead of the whole area all at once. It quite literally only uses a fraction of the laser’s area. Fractionated lasers create targeted, precise, self-healing micro-holes in the skin to treat the area at the most effective level.
There are also other types of non-invasive lightwave treatments that will help your skin look better from the inside out. BroadBand light therapy can reverse visible signs of aging and acne by stimulating skin at a deep level, much like non-ablative laser treatment. Intense Pulsed Light therapy (abbreviated as IPL or colloquially known as photofacial) pulses intense light waves into the skin to reduce discoloration and repair sun damage.
Side effects of laser treatment
Before you schedule your first appointment for laser treatment, you should be aware of potential side effects. Laser treatments can induce some uncomfortable and unappealing side effects before you see the final results and may be shocking if you aren’t fully prepared before undergoing treatment.
Potential side effects include (but are not limited to):
- Itchy skin
- Eye injury
- Change in skin color
- Peeling or flaking
Some of these symptoms–like peeling and flaking–are perfectly normal and to be expected as part of the healing process after receiving laser skin treatment.
Others should be addressed with your dermatologist and/or primary physician right away. Things like infection or eye injury should always be taken seriously as soon as you notice symptoms, as delaying treatment can sometimes result in long-term complications.
Severity of symptoms will differ depending on which type of laser treatment you receive because of the varying levels of intensity of treatment. Symptoms can last anywhere from a few hours in mild cases to several weeks for more extreme treatments.
What’s the best laser treatment for anti-aging?
That depends! Everyone’s skin is different and what works well to tackle your aging concerns doesn’t necessarily work for someone else’s, so there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Both ablative and non-ablative lasers can treat common signs of aging like wrinkles, fine lines, sun damage, and texture at different levels of progression.
Ablative lasers treat more acute conditions and produce more dramatic change with fewer treatments. Non-ablative treatment may require more sessions to achieve the desired result but will cause less discomfort and milder, more temporary symptoms than ablative lasers.
A big factor to consider when determining which laser treatment is right for you is the recovery process. Treatments using ablative lasers may require more intense recovery measures and may be more disruptive to your everyday life than treatment with non-ablative lasers.
Potential recovery measures for laser treatment include making sure skin stays hydrated, using cold compresses to alleviate swelling, avoiding sun exposure, and diligently using sunscreen.
In the case of more intense ablative laser procedures, many patients opt to take a few days (or weeks) off of work. This is due in part to the dramatic appearance of the skin while undergoing the healing process and can also be beneficial to focus on following post-procedure orders to protect your investment in your skin and ensure best results.
There are two main types of sunscreen: chemical sunscreens and physical sunscreens. Chemical sunscreens work by absorbing ultraviolet (UV) radiation and converting it into heat, while physical sunscreens work by reflecting or blocking UV radiation. Both types are effective at protecting against UV damage, but chemical sunscreens have come under scrutiny in recent years for their potential health risks.
These active ingredients in chemical sunscreen can be problematic for a number of reasons. Oxybenzone and octinoxate are both endocrine disruptors, meaning they can interfere with the body's hormone production. Octisalate, octocrylene and avobenzone are all photo-sensitizers, meaning they can increase the skin's sensitivity to sunlight. And finally, homosalate has been shown to disrupt the body's natural production of vitamin D.
Oxybenzone is an endocrine disruptor, meaning it can interfere with the body's hormone production. It's been shown to mimic the hormone estrogen in the body and can also act as The UV radiation before it can damage the skin.
Homosalate is a UV filter that absorbs UV radiation. It has been shown to disrupt the body's natural production of vitamin D and may also act as an endocrine disruptor, meaning it can interfere with the body's hormone production.
The proposed concentration limit of 2.2 percent for oxybenzone and 1.4 percent for homosalate is based on the fact that these ingredients are not safe in the current amounts used.
U.S. sunscreen manufacturers are legally allowed to use these two chemicals at concentrations up to 6 and 15 percent, respectively, and hundreds of sunscreens manufactured in the U.S. use them at concentrations that far exceed the European Commission's recommendations. These ingredients are all systemically absorbed into the body after one use according to studies published by the FDA, (Matta 2019, Matta 2020), according to studies published by the FDA, which also found that they could be detected on the skin and in the blood weeks after no longer being used (Matta 2020). Previous studies detected many sunscreen ingredients in breast milk and urine samples (Schlumpf 2008, Schlumpf 2010). In addition, it's possible for sunscreen users to inhale ingredients in sunscreen sprays and ingest some of the ingredients they apply to their lips, so the ingredients must not be harmful to the lungs or internal organs.
Safe Alternatives- Physical sunscreen
Physical sunscreens work by reflecting or blocking UV radiation. They are typically made with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, which are both effective at protecting against UV damage. However, physical sunscreens can be difficult to apply evenly and can leave a whitish cast on the skin. They also need to be reapplied more frequently than chemical sunscreens. But overall, physical sunscreens are considered to be more safe and effective than chemical sunscreens. So, if you're looking for a sunscreen that will protect you from UV damage without any potential health risks, a physical sunscreen is your best bet.
So, what's the bottom line? When it comes to sunscreen, be choosy about the ingredients and don't overdo it. Your health—and the health of the planet—will thank you.
AHAs and BHAs are types of hydroxy acids. You can find both acids in a variety of:
The purpose of both AHAs and BHAs is to exfoliate the skin. Depending on the concentration, a related product may remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, or it may remove the whole outermost layer.
Still, neither type of hydroxy acid is “better” than the other. Both are highly effective methods of deep exfoliation. The differences lie in their uses.
AHA stands for alpha hydroxy acid. BHA stands for beta hydroxy acid.
AHAs are water -soluble acids made from sugary fruits. They help peel away the surface of your skin so that new, more evenly pigmented skin cells may generate and take their place. After use, you’ll likely notice that your skin is smoother to the touch.
On the other hand, BHAs are oil-soluble. Unlike AHAs, BHAs can get deeper into the pores to remove dead skin cells and excess sebum.
Although AHAs are often marketed as safe for all skin types, you’ll want to take care if you have extremely dry and sensitive skin. You may need to gradually work up to daily use to avoid irritating your skin.
BHAs, on the other hand, are primarily used for acne and sun damage. These products go deep into your hair follicles to dry out excess oils and dead skin cells to unclog your pores. Because of these effects, BHAs are most suitable for combination to oily skin. Lower concentrations may be used to help calm sensitive skin. You may also have more success with BHAs if you wanted to reduce rosacea-related redness.
All AHAs yield significant exfoliation. Still, the effects and uses can slightly vary between types of acids. Your selected AHA should have a maximum concentration between 10 and 15 percent. Apply new products every other day until your skin gets used to them. This will also reduce the risk of side effects, such as irritation.
No matter which AHA you choose, the strong exfoliating effects make your skin more sensitive to the sun. Wear sunscreen every morning to prevent burns, age spots, and increased skin cancer risks.
Lactic acid is another common AHA. Unlike other AHAs made from fruits, lactic acid is made from lactose in milk. It’s also known for its significant exfoliation and anti-aging effects.
Tartaric is another type of AHA. It’s made from grape extracts, and may help alleviate signs of sun damage and acne.
Citric acid is made from citrus fruit extracts. Its main purpose is to neutralize the skin’s pH levels and to even out rough patches of skin. Citric acid makes a good serum or toner used before applying a moisturizer. It may even help work with sunscreen to provide maximum UV protection.
Malic acid is a type of AHA-BHA crossover. It’s made from apple acids.
Mandelic acid contains larger molecules derived from almond extracts. It can be combined with other AHAs to increase exfoliation. Used alone, the acid may improve texture and pore size.
Salicylic acid is the most common BHA. Concentrations can range between 0.5 and 5 percent, depending on the product at hand. It’s a well known as an acne treatment, but it can also help calm down general redness and inflammation.
Citric acid while primarily classified as an AHA, some formulations of citric acid are BHAs, too. Rather than even out your skin’s pH levels, this type of citric acid is primarily used to dry out excess sebum and clean out dead skin cells deep in your pores.
Don’t mix face acids
- Don’t use salicylic acid with any other acid at the same time. Extreme skin irritation may occur when mixed.
- Avoid salicylic acid with products that contain niacinamide.
- Don’t use glycolic acid or lactic acid in combination with ascorbic acid (vitamin C). This will cause the ascorbic acid’s benefit to disappear even before it begins to work.
- Avoid using AHAs with retinol.
AHAs and BHAs, if these actives are used at too high of a concentration or too frequently, they can irritate your skin and compromise the skin barrier.